Why Control Myopia?

To minimize myopia progression and keep the myopia degree low

To avoid structural changes to the eyeball and ocular complications associated with high myopia

To avoid irreversible visual loss

Why is it important to control myopia?

Myopia in children is mainly caused by elongation of the eyeball, which results in a shift of the focus position. When children focus at near for a prolonged period, they are prone to myopia progression.

Once the eye is elongated, it cannot be reversed. Therefore, it is important to arrest the lengthening or elongation of eyeball in order to control myopia progression. High myopia can also lead to irreversible vision loss, macular degeneration, retinal detachment, glaucoma and even blindness.

Flitcroft, D. I., He, M., Jonas, J. B., Jong, M., Naidoo, K., Ohno-Matsui, K., … & Yannuzzi, L. (2019). IMI–Defining and classifying myopia: a proposed set of standards for clinical and epidemiologic studies. Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 60(3), M20-M30.

Normal Eyeball

           Eyeball of severe myopia    →     Macular Hemorrhage